Statistical method

I’m working on a psychology Essay and need a reference to help me learn.

 

Research Proposal (100 points, Due Last Day of Class by 11:59 PM)

 

Overview: This project will require you to read at least three journal articles, develop an experimental hypothesis based on those articles, devise a hypothetical experiment for testing the hypothesis, propose an appropriate statistical experiment for hypothetical data, and discuss your predicted results. This will culminate in a final proposal paper in APA format. The paper will include a description of the previous research leading up to your experimental hypothesis, the procedures you chose to test your hypothesis, and the proposed analysis and interpretation of your data related to your proposed experiment. You will not actually be conducting an experiment; you are simply writing about what you would do if you were to conduct an experiment.

Details: You will write a paper about your research proposal of a psychological experiment. Using the psychology literature you will develop an understanding of some psychological problem or question and design a hypothetical experiment that will shed light on the problem/question. You must have a minimum of three peer-reviewed scholarly research articles or chapters from edited books for your literature review. Although you may use articles/chapters that are available on the web, web sites are generally not scholarly sources. Nevertheless, there may be documents available through a research institute or academic institution available on the web that have not been published in a peer-reviewed journal. If you think there is a source on the web that you would like to use, you need to have it approved by me prior to using it as an additional source for your paper. The proposal should be in APA format using one-inch margins and 12-point font. Tips on APA guidelines will be presented for the class.

The paper will include the following:

a)Title & Abstract: Title no longer than 12 words; abstract will be 120-250 words, summarizing your entire paper and project.

b)Introduction: Your opening paragraphs will describe the proposal topic and explain why it is important and any questions or problems involved. A well-written thesis statement will help guide your paper.

c)Literature Review: Describe the three research studies about your topic. What were their findings? What are the strengths and weaknesses of the research conducted? How will your study answer a new question or fill an important gap based on this research?

d)Hypothesis or Hypotheses: What do you propose will happen in your hypothetical experiment? What information will you find out? What do you predict will happen?

e)Methods: Includes a detailed description of your hypothetical participants, procedures (including population and sampling procedures), and materials. Remember to operationalize your variables and explain how you will control for extraneous factors and sampling errors. You will also need to include your proposed data analysis, describing what statistical method you will use to analyze your data.

f)Results: Describe the predicted results of your study based on the statistical method you selected.

g)Discussion: Briefly summarize your hypothetical findings. Include the strengths and limitations of your study. What are the research or practical implications of your findings? What are the practical applications of the research you discovered? Can you recommend anything for people working with your constructs based on the research you discovered? What biases might have been involved?

h)References: List all your references in APA format.

 

UNFORMATTED ATTACHMENT PREVIEW

PSY 350 Research Proposal Assessment Rubric Exemplary Accomplished Developing Missing or Unacceptable Title page (5%) 5 points All the information is present and properly formatted. The title is descriptive and the running header is a good summary. All the information is present and properly formatted. Title lacks relevance or fails to offer appropriate details about the project. Poor layout of information on page, and mistakes in spelling or format. Missing information, poor layout on page, mistakes in spelling or format, and title does not describe project. Abstract (10%) 10 points Abstract is informative, succinct, and offers sufficiently specific details about the psychological issue, variables, context, and proposed methods of study. Abstract is relevant and offers details about the proposed research study. Abstract lacks relevance or fails to offer appropriate details about the problem, variables, and methods of the proposed study. Abstract was omitted or inappropriate given the problem, research questions, and method. Introduction: Statement of the problem (10%) 10 points Opening paragraphs describe previous research and theory that leads to a clear thesis statement. Begins with the research question and includes some specific references. Although a research problem is identified, the statement is too broad or the description fails to establish the importance of the problem area. Connections to the literature are unclear, debatable, or insignificant. Vague and/or general introduction that has little connection to the proposed research. Introduction: Literature review (20%) 20 points Prior empirical research and theory are integrated, evaluated, and synthesized to show a clear path between the thesis statement and the hypotheses. Key constructs and variables were connected to relevant, reliable theoretical and research literature. Relevant literature that covers the empirical evidence and theory needed to support the hypotheses is described. Each paragraph summarizes the results of one study without evaluation, integration, or synthesis. Method: Research design (10%) 10 points The purpose, questions, and design are mutually supportive and coherent. Attention has been given to eliminating alternative explanations and controlling extraneous variables. Appropriate and important limitations and assumptions have been clearly stated. The research design has been identified and described in sufficiently detailed terms. Some limitations and assumptions have been identified. The research design is confusing or incomplete given the research questions and sampling strategy. Important limitations and assumptions have not been identified. The research design is inappropriate or has not been identified and/or described using standard terminology. Limitations and assumptions are omitted. Method: Participants and sampling (5%) 5 points Describes the participant characteristics, the number of participants, and any incentives for participation. The population and sampling procedures were reasonable to recruit a representative sample of the population. Attention was given to controlling for extraneous factors and sampling error. The population sampling procedures was adequately identified and described. Gives the number and type of participant. Too general without describing participant characteristics or incentives. Method: Procedures and materials (5%) 5 points Procedures were thorough, manageable, coherent, and powerful for generating valid and reliable data. Procedures were chronological and replicable with clear distinctions between researcher and participant actions. Clear and reasonable Procedures for implementing the study (permissions, treatments, and data gathering) were identified and described in a chronological fashion. Procedures (permissions, treatments, and data gathering) were confusing, incomplete, or lacked relevance to the research questions and variables. Procedures for treatment and gathering data were omitted. Score/Level Exemplary Accomplished Developing Missing or Unacceptable strategies were presented for seeking permissions and for the ethical treatment of human participants. Materials used in the study were thoroughly explained. Results (8%) 8 points Analytical methods were sufficiently specific, clear, and appropriate given the research questions, research design, and scale of measurement, and type of distribution. Both descriptive and inferential methods were identified. Level of significance was stated. Descriptive or inferential methods were confusing, incomplete, or lacked relevance to the research questions, data, or research design. Analytical methods (descriptive, inferential tests, and significance level) were missing or inappropriately aligned with data and research design. Discussion (10%) 10 points Interpretation of potential results includes discussion of sources of bias and other limitations of proposed study, addresses alternative explanations if proposed hypotheses supported, and describes the importance of significant findings. Interpretation of potential results includes discussion of implications and limitations of potential significant findings. Discussion was confusing, incomplete, or lacked relevance to research question and design. Discussion was missing or without evaluation, integration, or synthesis. References (7%) 7 points All the references are cited and in the list correctly. They include key sources for this proposal. All the sources in the paper are in the reference list in the correct order. Incomplete list, or the sources don’t match the reference list. References listed not cited in text or no references listed. Use precise APA formatting (2010). (5%) 5 points Writer makes less than 2 APA (2010) formatting errors throughout the document. format throughout Writer makes less than 6 APA (2010) formatting errors throughout the document. Writer makes less than 8 APA (2010) formatting errors throughout the document. Writer makes 8 or more APA (2010) formatting errors throughout the document. Writing: Grammar and spelling (5%) 5 points Almost no spelling or grammatical errors. Fewer than 4 errors in grammar or spelling that distract the reader from the content. It is clear that paper has been proofread. Writer makes fewer than 10 errors in grammar or spelling that distract the reader from the content. Grammar and spelling errors are so prevalent in the paper that it is difficult to understand the content of the paper. including: font, margins, paragraph format, the title page, running headers, abstract, headings, citations, References, and all other applicable components Score/Level PSY 350 Research Proposal Assessment Rubric Exemplary Accomplished Developing Missing or Unacceptable Title page (5%) 5 points All the information is present and properly formatted. The title is descriptive and the running header is a good summary. All the information is present and properly formatted. Title lacks relevance or fails to offer appropriate details about the project. Poor layout of information on page, and mistakes in spelling or format. Missing information, poor layout on page, mistakes in spelling or format, and title does not describe project. Abstract (10%) 10 points Abstract is informative, succinct, and offers sufficiently specific details about the psychological issue, variables, context, and proposed methods of study. Abstract is relevant and offers details about the proposed research study. Abstract lacks relevance or fails to offer appropriate details about the problem, variables, and methods of the proposed study. Abstract was omitted or inappropriate given the problem, research questions, and method. Introduction: Statement of the problem (10%) 10 points Opening paragraphs describe previous research and theory that leads to a clear thesis statement. Begins with the research question and includes some specific references. Although a research problem is identified, the statement is too broad or the description fails to establish the importance of the problem area. Connections to the literature are unclear, debatable, or insignificant. Vague and/or general introduction that has little connection to the proposed research. Introduction: Literature review (20%) 20 points Prior empirical research and theory are integrated, evaluated, and synthesized to show a clear path between the thesis statement and the hypotheses. Key constructs and variables were connected to relevant, reliable theoretical and research literature. Relevant literature that covers the empirical evidence and theory needed to support the hypotheses is described. Each paragraph summarizes the results of one study without evaluation, integration, or synthesis. Method: Research design (10%) 10 points The purpose, questions, and design are mutually supportive and coherent. Attention has been given to eliminating alternative explanations and controlling extraneous variables. Appropriate and important limitations and assumptions have been clearly stated. The research design has been identified and described in sufficiently detailed terms. Some limitations and assumptions have been identified. The research design is confusing or incomplete given the research questions and sampling strategy. Important limitations and assumptions have not been identified. The research design is inappropriate or has not been identified and/or described using standard terminology. Limitations and assumptions are omitted. Method: Participants and sampling (5%) 5 points Describes the participant characteristics, the number of participants, and any incentives for participation. The population and sampling procedures were reasonable to recruit a representative sample of the population. Attention was given to controlling for extraneous factors and sampling error. The population sampling procedures was adequately identified and described. Gives the number and type of participant. Too general without describing participant characteristics or incentives. Method: Procedures and materials (5%) 5 points Procedures were thorough, manageable, coherent, and powerful for generating valid and reliable data. Procedures were chronological and replicable with clear distinctions between researcher and participant actions. Clear and reasonable Procedures for implementing the study (permissions, treatments, and data gathering) were identified and described in a chronological fashion. Procedures (permissions, treatments, and data gathering) were confusing, incomplete, or lacked relevance to the research questions and variables. Procedures for treatment and gathering data were omitted. Score/Level Exemplary Accomplished Developing Missing or Unacceptable strategies were presented for seeking permissions and for the ethical treatment of human participants. Materials used in the study were thoroughly explained. Results (8%) 8 points Analytical methods were sufficiently specific, clear, and appropriate given the research questions, research design, and scale of measurement, and type of distribution. Both descriptive and inferential methods were identified. Level of significance was stated. Descriptive or inferential methods were confusing, incomplete, or lacked relevance to the research questions, data, or research design. Analytical methods (descriptive, inferential tests, and significance level) were missing or inappropriately aligned with data and research design. Discussion (10%) 10 points Interpretation of potential results includes discussion of sources of bias and other limitations of proposed study, addresses alternative explanations if proposed hypotheses supported, and describes the importance of significant findings. Interpretation of potential results includes discussion of implications and limitations of potential significant findings. Discussion was confusing, incomplete, or lacked relevance to research question and design. Discussion was missing or without evaluation, integration, or synthesis. References (7%) 7 points All the references are cited and in the list correctly. They include key sources for this proposal. All the sources in the paper are in the reference list in the correct order. Incomplete list, or the sources don’t match the reference list. References listed not cited in text or no references listed. Use precise APA formatting (2010). (5%) 5 points Writer makes less than 2 APA (2010) formatting errors throughout the document. format throughout Writer makes less than 6 APA (2010) formatting errors throughout the document. Writer makes less than 8 APA (2010) formatting errors throughout the document. Writer makes 8 or more APA (2010) formatting errors throughout the document. Writing: Grammar and spelling (5%) 5 points Almost no spelling or grammatical errors. Fewer than 4 errors in grammar or spelling that distract the reader from the content. It is clear that paper has been proofread. Writer makes fewer than 10 errors in grammar or spelling that distract the reader from the content. Grammar and spelling errors are so prevalent in the paper that it is difficult to understand the content of the paper. including: font, margins, paragraph format, the title page, running headers, abstract, headings, citations, References, and all other applicable components Score/Level
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