1. Paul does not have to warn about those who would divide the church in his letter to the Romans.
1. Describe Paul’s use of and the meaning of “faith” in 14:22-23.
the conviction that an action is right and appropriate
acting as a believer
if it is not “Christian” is it not right.
1. Moo offers four arguments that combine to support a certain view concerning the identity of the “weak” in 14:1-15:13. Select that view from the list below.
Gentile Christians who abstain from meat (and wine perhaps) on certain days under the influence of pagan traditions.
Christians (Jew and Gentile) who are devoted to an ascetic lifestyle.
Jewish Christians who refuse to eat meat because it may have been offered to idols.
mainly Jewish Christians who do not eat certain food and observe certain holy days due to loyalty to the Mosaic law.
1. The Gentile Christians should be willing to share in the contribution to the poor saints in Jerusalem because since they are obligated to the Jews spiritually, they should be willing to help them materially (15:27)?
1. What is significant about the command to offer our bodies to God (12:1)?
The Christian life is one of sacrifice and self-denial.
As new covenant Christians, we offer ourselves as living sacrifices to God.
1. Paul uses an analogy from the Temple worship to express the nature of his ministry to the Gentiles (15:16). He expresses his ministry as a priest who offered sacrifices to God. This analogy emphasizes Paul’s intercessory ministry to the Gentiles.
1. According to Moo, Romans 12:1-2 contain the “essence of the believer’s response to God’s grace in the gospel of Jesus Christ.”
1. What is Paul’s purpose for going to Jerusalem according to 15:25-26?
to stand trial
to visit the Jerusalem church
to deliver the contribution to the poor in Jerusalem
1. What is the general principle that Paul formalized in 14:21?
Do not worry about how your actions may affect others.
Esteem others as greater than yourself.
Eat, drink, and be merry for tomorrow we die.
It is better to avoid doing anything that will cause spiritual harm to another believer.
1. What does “salvation” ( soteria) in 13:11 refer to?
The Believer’s present spiritual condition
The believer’s eschatological salvation
1. What analogy does Paul use in 12:4-5 to illustrate the unity of the church in Christ?
1. One great purpose for proclaiming the gospel is that all nations might believe in Jesus Christ (16:26).
1. Why has Paul written so “boldly” to the Roman church (15:15-16)?
because of his “priestly” ministry to the Gentiles
because of his impatience with them
in order to be emphatic
because he is an apostle
1. What is the ultimate goal of the unity of the church according to 15:5-6?
the justification of the strong
the edification of the church
the encouragement of the weak.
the glory of God
1. What does the term adiaphora refer to?
actions that are strictly prohibited
things neither commanded nor prohibited
things that are commanded
1. The quote from Proverbs 25:21-22a “you will heap burning coals on his head” in 12:20 most likely is to be taken literally.
1. Distinguish between the dynatoi and adynatoi in 15:1.
the wise and the foolish
the dynamic and the quiet
the strong and the weak
1. What OT text does 16:20 allude to?
1. Name the two “disputable matters” that Paul identifies in 14:1-9.
speaking in tongues and observing Jewish holy days
eating meat and drinking wine
eating meat and observing Jewish holy days
1. Who is Tertius in 16:22?
pastor of the Roman church
a deacon in the Roman church
the author of Romans
the one who actually wrote down the letter to the Romans
1. What single point does the paragraph in 13:1-7 focus on?
Submission to governmental authorities
Blind loyalty to the government
1. Define the word krino in 14:13.
to pass judgment, decide
to bow down
1. Romans 16:25-27 makes a fitting inclusio to the letter as several significant themes are echoed.
1. A list of Christian moral imperatives makes up the section 12:9-21. What is the heading of this section (12:9a)?
Love must be tough.
Love never fails.
1. What motif unifies the section in 15:14-33?
the Third Missionary Journey
The Collection for the poor