The Strong and Weak and the Letter Closing

QUESTION 1
1. Paul does not have to warn about those who would divide the church in his letter to the Romans.
True
False
4 points
QUESTION 2
1. Describe Paul’s use of and the meaning of “faith” in 14:22-23.

the conviction that an action is right and appropriate

acting as a believer

if it is not “Christian” is it not right.
4 points
QUESTION 3
1. Moo offers four arguments that combine to support a certain view concerning the identity of the “weak” in 14:1-15:13. Select that view from the list below.

Gentile Christians who abstain from meat (and wine perhaps) on certain days under the influence of pagan traditions.

Christians (Jew and Gentile) who are devoted to an ascetic lifestyle.

Jewish Christians who refuse to eat meat because it may have been offered to idols.

mainly Jewish Christians who do not eat certain food and observe certain holy days due to loyalty to the Mosaic law.
4 points
QUESTION 4
1. The Gentile Christians should be willing to share in the contribution to the poor saints in Jerusalem because since they are obligated to the Jews spiritually, they should be willing to help them materially (15:27)?
True
False
4 points
QUESTION 5
1. What is significant about the command to offer our bodies to God (12:1)?

The Christian life is one of sacrifice and self-denial.

As new covenant Christians, we offer ourselves as living sacrifices to God.
4 points
QUESTION 6
1. Paul uses an analogy from the Temple worship to express the nature of his ministry to the Gentiles (15:16). He expresses his ministry as a priest who offered sacrifices to God. This analogy emphasizes Paul’s intercessory ministry to the Gentiles.
True
False
4 points
QUESTION 7
1. According to Moo, Romans 12:1-2 contain the “essence of the believer’s response to God’s grace in the gospel of Jesus Christ.”
True
False
4 points
QUESTION 8
1. What is Paul’s purpose for going to Jerusalem according to 15:25-26?

to stand trial

to visit the Jerusalem church

to deliver the contribution to the poor in Jerusalem
4 points
QUESTION 9
1. What is the general principle that Paul formalized in 14:21?

Do not worry about how your actions may affect others.

Esteem others as greater than yourself.

Eat, drink, and be merry for tomorrow we die.

It is better to avoid doing anything that will cause spiritual harm to another believer.
4 points
QUESTION 10
1. What does “salvation” ( soteria) in 13:11 refer to?

The Believer’s present spiritual condition

The believer’s eschatological salvation
4 points
QUESTION 11
1. What analogy does Paul use in 12:4-5 to illustrate the unity of the church in Christ?

Marriage

the Temple

the Body

a building
4 points
QUESTION 12
1. One great purpose for proclaiming the gospel is that all nations might believe in Jesus Christ (16:26).
True
False
4 points
QUESTION 13
1. Why has Paul written so “boldly” to the Roman church (15:15-16)?

because of his “priestly” ministry to the Gentiles

because of his impatience with them

in order to be emphatic

because he is an apostle
4 points
QUESTION 14
1. What is the ultimate goal of the unity of the church according to 15:5-6?

the justification of the strong

the edification of the church

the encouragement of the weak.

the glory of God
4 points
QUESTION 15
1. What does the term adiaphora refer to?

actions that are strictly prohibited

things neither commanded nor prohibited

things that are commanded
4 points
QUESTION 16
1. The quote from Proverbs 25:21-22a “you will heap burning coals on his head” in 12:20 most likely is to be taken literally.
True
False
4 points
QUESTION 17
1. Distinguish between the dynatoi and adynatoi in 15:1.

the wise and the foolish

the dynamic and the quiet

the strong and the weak
4 points
QUESTION 18
1. What OT text does 16:20 allude to?

Genesis 1:1

Genesis 1;26-27

Genesis 3:15

Genesis 15:6
4 points
QUESTION 19
1. Name the two “disputable matters” that Paul identifies in 14:1-9.

speaking in tongues and observing Jewish holy days

eating meat and drinking wine

eating meat and observing Jewish holy days
4 points
QUESTION 20
1. Who is Tertius in 16:22?

pastor of the Roman church

a deacon in the Roman church

the author of Romans

the one who actually wrote down the letter to the Romans
4 points
QUESTION 21
1. What single point does the paragraph in 13:1-7 focus on?

Civil disobedience

Submission to governmental authorities

Blind loyalty to the government
4 points
QUESTION 22
1. Define the word krino in 14:13.

to pass judgment, decide

to fear

to offend

to bow down
4 points
QUESTION 23
1. Romans 16:25-27 makes a fitting inclusio to the letter as several significant themes are echoed.
True
False
4 points
QUESTION 24
1. A list of Christian moral imperatives makes up the section 12:9-21. What is the heading of this section (12:9a)?

Sincere love.

Sacrificial love.

Love must be tough.

Love never fails.
4 points
QUESTION 25
1. What motif unifies the section in 15:14-33?

The Gospel

Paul’s travels

the Third Missionary Journey

The Collection for the poor